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ISSN : 2288-4637(Print)
ISSN : 2288-4645(Online)
The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business Vol.6 No.1 pp.315-319
DOI : http://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2019.vol6.no1.315

Factor Affecting Poverty and Policy Implication of Poverty Reduction: A Case Study for the Khmer Ethnic People in Tra Vinh Province, Viet Nam

Ha Hong Nguyen1, Nhan Van Nguyen2
* The authors would like to thank the Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs of Tra Vinh Province; the survey team of the Department of Finance and Banking, Tra Vinh University; and the People's Committees of Districts in the Province that have enthusiastically supported the authors to have completed this research.
2 Lecturer, Tra Vinh University, Vietnam. E-mail: nhannguyen_tvu@yahoo.com
1 First Author and Corresponding Author. Head of Department of Finance and Banking, Tra Vinh University, Vietnam [Postal Address: 126 Nguyen Thien Thanh Str, Ward 5, Tra Vinh city, Tra Vinh Province, 940000, Viet Nam]. Tel: +84.2943.855.246. Fax: 84.294.385.5217. E-mail: honghaicbtv@yahoo.com.vn
December 3, 2018 January 7, 2019 January 9, 2019

Abstract

The paper aims to investigate empirical causes of poverty of the Khmer ethnic people and suggest policy implication to help the Khmer ethnic people escape poverty in Tra Vinh province and the Mekong Delta. The study has been conducted with direct interviews with 300 Khmer households living in seven districts and cities in Tra Vinh province and with the use of multivariate regression. The research results show that a number of causes that affect poverty of poor households include lack of capital for production, lack of means of production, poor health and lack of labor, large families, lack of job opportunities or unemployment, and lack of willingness to escape poverty and education. Thus, there should be poverty reduction policy for the poor househlods in the coming time. Based on the current situation and regression results, the authors propose a number of recommendations: 1) Focus on preferential loan policies for poor people 2) Provide occupational training programs for improving incomes for the Khmer ethnic households 3) Build up special infrastructure in the Khmer ethnic areas 4) Focus on promoting cultural and belief institutions in areas of the Khmer ethnic people and 5) Improve and build up healthcare clinics services and facilities.

JEL Classification Code: P44, R51, E69.

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